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How social media facilitates social construction of reality?

"Social media shapes our perception of reality through selective exposure, filter bubbles, and influencers, with both positive and negative impacts on individuals and society."


Social media has become an integral part of our daily lives, with millions of people using various platforms to connect, share, and consume information. It has transformed the way we communicate and interact with others, and has also played a significant role in shaping our perception of reality. In this article, we will explore how social media facilitates the social construction of reality and the impact it has on individuals and society as a whole.

What is social construction of reality?

Before delving into the role of social media in the social construction of reality, it is essential to understand what this concept means. Social construction of reality refers to the idea that our understanding of the world is shaped by our social interactions and experiences (Berger and Luckmann, 1966). In other words, our perception of reality is not based on objective facts, but rather on our subjective interpretations of the world around us.

The role of social media in shaping reality

Social media has become a powerful tool for shaping our perception of reality. With the rise of platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, we are constantly bombarded with information, opinions, and images from people all over the world. This exposure to a vast amount of information has a significant impact on how we view the world and ourselves.

Selective exposure and confirmation bias

One of the ways in which social media facilitates the social construction of reality is through selective exposure and confirmation bias. Selective exposure refers to the tendency of individuals to seek out information that aligns with their beliefs and values (Zillmann and Bryant, 1985). On social media, users have the freedom to choose who they follow and what content they consume, creating an echo chamber of like-minded individuals. This selective exposure can reinforce our existing beliefs and values, leading to confirmation bias, where we only pay attention to information that confirms our beliefs and ignore anything that challenges them.

Filter bubbles

Another way in which social media shapes our perception of reality is through filter bubbles. Filter bubbles refer to the personalized algorithms used by social media platforms to curate content for users based on their interests and online behavior. While this may seem convenient, it also means that we are only exposed to a limited range of information, further reinforcing our existing beliefs and limiting our exposure to diverse perspectives.

Influencers and perceived reality

Influencers on social media have a significant impact on shaping our perception of reality. These individuals have a large following and are seen as experts or role models in their respective fields. As a result, their opinions and lifestyles are often emulated by their followers, leading to the construction of a perceived reality. For example, a fitness influencer’s perfectly curated Instagram feed may create the perception that a fit and healthy body is the ideal standard of beauty, leading individuals to strive for this perceived reality.

The impact of social media on individuals and society

The social construction of reality through social media has both positive and negative impacts on individuals and society. On the positive side, social media allows individuals to connect with others from different backgrounds and cultures, exposing them to diverse perspectives and challenging their existing beliefs. It also provides a platform for marginalized voices to be heard and for social movements to gain momentum.

However, the negative impacts cannot be ignored. The constant exposure to a curated reality on social media can lead to feelings of inadequacy, anxiety, and depression, as individuals compare their lives to the idealized versions presented on social media. It can also lead to the spread of misinformation and the polarization of society, as individuals become more entrenched in their beliefs and less open to opposing viewpoints.


In conclusion, social media plays a significant role in the social construction of reality. Through selective exposure, filter bubbles, and the influence of influencers, it shapes our perception of the world and ourselves. While it has its benefits, it is essential to be aware of the potential negative impacts and actively seek out diverse perspectives to avoid falling into the trap of a curated reality. As social media continues to evolve, it is crucial to critically evaluate the information we consume and its impact on our understanding of reality.